Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational

The pathophysiology of diabetes is various and it depends on the type of the diabetes itself. Let’s talk about the pathophysiology of diabetes from type to type so you can realize it earlier. The most important thing, you know how to treat yourself.

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1

When you are suffered from diabetes type 1, it means there is something wrong with your immune system. In this case, your immune system attacks and even destroys the insulin. As the result, your pancreas will produce beta cells to complete the deficiency of insulin. It takes times to feel the side effects of the destruction. Commonly, you can feel it after a few weeks suffered from diabetes type 1. If you are suffered from diabetes type 1, you need to be supported by insulin therapy and mostly the insulin is injected because it doesn’t work with oral drugs insulin.

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 2

So, what is pathophysiology of diabetes type 2? Actually, the cause is the same, insulin deficiency. You are suffered from insulin deficiency because your body can’t produce enough insulin anymore. At the same time, you are also suffered from beta cell deficiency. It triggers peripheral insulin condition in which even if your body can produce enough insulin, there is no reduction on your blood sugar. To prevent bad side effects of diabetes type 2, you should maintain your weight. This is concerning to the fact that obesity is the main cause of diabetes type 2 including peripheral insulin. There are two treatments to overcome the pathophysiology of diabetes type 2. You are asked to consume oral drugs. If it doesn’t work, you should take insulin therapy.

Pathophysiology of Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes commonly happens in pregnancy period. The trigger of this diabetes is the excessive counter insulin hormones. As the result, a pregnant mother will suffered from insulin resistance and high blood sugar. Due to this gestational diabetes, you feel several symptoms. For example, you feel thirsty all the time especially when the blood sugar is increased in which it is also increasing the osmolality of blood. At the same time, you also easily want to urination. The main cause is on the excess of fluid intake. You should be worried when your weight reduced drastically without any specific reason. There is a possibility that the calories within your body has been moved out during urination. You feel hungry although you are suffered from weight loss caused by the excess or loss of glucose. In the serious phase, your wound will be difficult to heal. This is because your condition can diminish immune system and your nutrition changes into microbes. It is followed by several serious symptoms including heart disease, eyes damage, kidney damage, nerve damage, and many more.

Read also: What Kind of Beans Are Good for Diabetics and How to Cook It

Hopefully by understanding about what is pathophysiology of diabetes from type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes, you know how to handle this problem earlier. As the result, you don’t need to suffer from serious side effects and live better with diabetes.

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